Tempering for five years to do so strong and so do big business
- Categories:State owned assets news
- Time of issue:2021-04-13
Tempering for five years to do so strong and so do big business
- Categories:State owned assets news
- Time of issue:2021-04-13
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the reform of state-owned enterprises has strengthened its goal.
Improve the top design, start a comprehensive pilot, "blade inward" sound supervision ... ... a series of reform measures to stimulate the vitality and competitiveness of state-owned enterprises. In the context of the slowdown in the national economy, the first five months of this year, state-owned enterprises to achieve profits of 103.76 billion yuan, an increase of 25.5%, the central enterprises in June this year, profits of 159.67 billion yuan, the highest monthly profit history of the best level. By the end of 2016, the total assets of the state-owned enterprises supervision system enterprises 144.1 trillion yuan, up 101.8% over the end of 2012, the contribution of added value accounted for 1/7 of the national GDP.
Ran the problem, line up sleeves dry. Reform and horses, help state enterprises leapt to a new platform, glow new style.
Dare to bite hard bones, reform to give state-owned enterprises new vitality
State-owned enterprise reform has been called "hard to eat the bones." Lack of motivation, the mechanism does not live, big but not strong, all kinds of problems plagued state-owned enterprises. A new round of state-owned enterprise reform aimed at short board, focus pain points, difficulties and on.
Not a "tinkering", a new round of state-owned enterprise reform more emphasis on the reform of the system, integrity, synergy. Top-level design lead - September 2015, "the CPC Central Committee and State Council on the deepening of the reform of state-owned enterprises guidance" issued, this is a new round of state-owned enterprise reform programmatic document. After nearly two years, state-owned enterprise reform has introduced a number of important framework to support the overall policy and "fixed-point blasting" of the special policy, the central departments introduced 110 supporting documents. "1 + N" file system and related rules, together form a state-owned enterprise reform design. 10 pilot road route - the implementation of the board of directors authority, the market selection of managers, the implementation of professional managers system, the distribution of corporate compensation distribution, the formation of state-owned capital investment operating companies, mergers and acquisitions of central enterprises, some important areas of mixed ownership reform, Try to hold employee shares, promote the state-owned enterprise information disclosure, divest the enterprise social function, 10 pilot covers all aspects of state-owned enterprise reform. State - owned enterprise reform "four pillars" from the ground, from the "design" to "construction".
Not to avoid the interests of barriers, a new round of state-owned enterprises reform real knife, dare to "bright sword." The reform of the remuneration system of the state-owned enterprises took the lead in initiating the implementation, pointing directly to the high and unreasonable part of the remuneration of the state-owned enterprises. Basic annual salary, performance, annual salary, tenure incentive income, the proportion of their own, based on what are placed in the sun. Data show that after the reform of the central enterprises in charge of the overall level of compensation has declined, part of the decline in business is still relatively large. Central enterprises mergers and acquisitions bold, effectively improve the efficiency of resource allocation. Since the 18th National Congress, China North and China South Locomotive, COSCO Group and China Shipping, Baosteel and Wuhan Iron and Steel and other 30 central enterprises have completed the reorganization, the number of central enterprises from 117 to 101. Central enterprises to start the integration of industrial start, the first route of the aircraft industry will be the real estate business as a whole into the Poly Group. State-owned capital further to the important industries and key areas, to the forward-looking strategic industries, to focus on the advantages of enterprises, the current state-owned assets in the military, telecommunications, energy and other areas accounted for more than 90%.
Do not engage in bed frame house, a new round of state-owned enterprise reform focus on out of the new mechanism. Company reform into the "last mile". "2019 before the end of the basic completion of the state-owned enterprise system reform" "2020, state-owned, wholly-owned companies to establish a majority of the external directors of the board of directors," the reform has a clear timetable. Investors, shareholders, the board of directors, the manager, the board of supervisors, their respective powers and responsibilities, what is clear, for the effective performance of the system to protect the job. At present, the state-owned and state-controlled enterprises (excluding financial enterprises) has been modified more than 90%.
Institutional change has fueled business vitality. A large number of state-owned enterprises come to the fore, not only living in the domestic industry-leading position in the international influence is also growing. In 2016 to enter the "Fortune" Fortune 500 companies, China's state-owned enterprises to 83, accounting for 1/6, an increase of 29 than in 2012.
Force supply side, state-owned enterprises installed lightly pick up the beam
The efficiency of state-owned enterprises to stabilize the good, benefit from the supply side of the structural reform.
To the production capacity, disposal of "zombie enterprises" - insolvent, operating stagnation, "zombie enterprises" consumption of resources, manufacturing losses. Disposal of "zombie enterprises" has become the main direction of the structural reform of state-owned enterprises. Find out the number of base, accurate measures, 2016 national SASAC system to clean up the withdrawal of "zombie enterprises" 4977, involving assets of 411.99 billion yuan. State - owned enterprises firmly reduce excess capacity. In 2016, the national SASAC system out of iron and steel production capacity of 42.3 million tons, accounting for 80.8% of the country out of capacity, out of coal production capacity of 206.29 million tons, accounting for 71.1% of the country out of production capacity.
To the lever - the economy down the pressure, down lever, control risk is to achieve "stable" an important part. Tightly pegged to the higher debt ratio of enterprises, the SASAC to take the debt ratio, the scale of double control of the new initiatives, hold the bottom line does not occur significant risk. Market debt restructuring and other reform measures, more companies timely help. In the face of more than 6 billion yuan of bank overdue debt, China's dual and Guotai Group after the reorganization, with nearly 20 creditor banks arduous consultations more than 40 times, and ultimately reached a "cash dividend debt to retain debt" debt restructuring program , 2016 double profit of nearly 500 million yuan.
Cost reduction - more management level, the number of legal households, has been the state-owned enterprises "difficult" problem. Down the cost, first determined to "thin". State - owned enterprises fully compressed management level, reduce the number of legal households. In 2016, the central enterprises to reduce the total number of corporate 2730, reversing the number of households increased year by year trend. Level reduction, efficiency improvement. In 2016, the cost of state-owned industrial enterprises in the main business income per hundred yuan dropped to 82.55 yuan, down 0.61 yuan over the previous year, the lowest level since 2012.
Rely on reform and physical fitness, state-owned enterprises to light up the bench -
State-owned enterprises in the manned space flight, lunar exploration, deep sea exploration, UHV power transmission, the fourth generation of mobile communications and other fields has made a number of the world's advanced level of significant scientific and technological innovation, highlight the strength of the country's heavy And play.
Foster the development of strategic emerging industries, state-owned enterprises take the initiative, nuclear power, wind power, electric vehicles and other equipment manufacturing and product development, to reach or close to the global leading level.
Europe's first high-rise Russian Federation building, Kenya people affectionately known as the "century railway" Mengni railway ... ... many of the world's landmark projects, engraved with the name of Chinese state-owned enterprises. State-owned enterprises have become an important force in the context of globalization to represent China's participation in international competition.
To their own surgery, state-owned assets to control the capital
A new round of state-owned enterprise reform is cutting edge inward reform. State-owned securities regulators are both promoters of reform measures, but also take the initiative to their own surgery, from the "management of enterprises" to "management capital."
Supervision is not offside.
The key step in the transformation of state-owned enterprises from the form of state-owned enterprises to the form of value is "decentralization". In April this year, the General Office of the State Council forwarded the "State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council to promote the functional transformation plan", and clearly reduced 43 state-owned assets supervision and management matters. Which canceled 26, the SASAC will no longer directly regulate the behavior of state-owned shareholders of listed companies to cancel the central enterprise annuity program, the central enterprises sub-enterprises dividend incentive program and other matters approved by the enterprise according to their own decision-making. Decentralized 9, the future extension to the central enterprise sub-enterprise management matters in principle belong to the enterprise group. Authorized 8, covering the management of members of the manager, performance assessment, salary management and the total amount of wages and other enterprises to apply for many years of matters.
Supervision can not be absent.
Safeguarding the security of state-owned assets is the prerequisite and the bottom line of the new round of state-owned enterprise reform. Anti-loss, "on strengthening and improving the supervision of state-owned assets to prevent the loss of state-owned assets," published at the end of 2015, out to strengthen the internal supervision, external supervision, social supervision and accountability system prescription. Issued in 2016, "on the establishment of state-owned enterprises illegal management of investment accountability system," clear the nine aspects of the 54 need to pursue the situation in the development process of state-owned enterprises for the first time that "the implementation of major decision-making lifelong accountability system" Results Avitherigma Rhitherigma Us round Transportation outcome Us Copyright Results Refers wanted outcome Pages Results Results Results Copyright Results None Lifelong accountability system, the target of the direct alignment of the investment decision-makers of the responsibility of the main body, to the state-owned assets and add a "insurance lock."
Supervision can not be dislocated.
Central enterprises to invest, how to put an end to "chaos vote", letting enterprises "dare to vote"? Earlier this year, the central enterprises to invest in the negative inventory system released. Negative list of the central enterprises can not vote what is clear. With a negative list, you can avoid the management of investors, "control crooked" - control the list, the regulatory authorities will know what investment to ask, which investment is the enterprise's own decision. With a negative list, companies will no longer "stick" - list of negative items listed in the matter, do not touch; outside the list, companies can "high days of birds fly." Negative inventory system is only one of the changes in the functions of state-owned assets regulators. System, set the standard, red line, state-owned assets supervision and management mechanism to further straighten out.
"State-owned enterprise reform has entered the 'construction peak' 'implementation of the crucial period', to nail the spirit of a solid push forward the reform of state-owned enterprises landing." State Council SASAC Director Xiao Yaqing said.
Reform is the driving force, reform the vitality. Firmly grasp the correct direction of reform, with greater courage and wisdom to promote reform, state-owned enterprises unlimited potential, will usher in a new wonderful.
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